urinary bladder cancer treatment in india

Urinary Bladder (Urothelial) Cancer

Also known as Urothelial carcinoma (previously referred to as transitional cell carcinoma-TCC), it arises from the lining of the urinary bladder.

Symptoms:

The most usual presentation is blood in the urine. Other symptoms include increased urinary frequency, urgency or pain during urination. In advanced disease, there can be lower tummy pain or bony pain, swelling in the legs or flank pain.

Diagnosis:

The best modality to establish a diagnosis is an examination using a cystoscope, scans and biopsy. A cystoscope is a thin tube that carries a light and a camera. It is passed through the urethra into the bladder. Cystoscopy allows direct visual inspection of the entire bladder, and a biopsy can be done at the same time. Ultrasound of the tummy, CT Scan and PET CT scan can be used for diagnosis depending upon the situation.

Treatment:

For the treatment purpose Bladder cancers are divided into Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer (NMIBC) and Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancers (MIBC).

  • Trans Urethral Resection of Bladder Tumor (TURBT) via a cystoscope followed by intravesical chemotherapy is diagnostic as and curative in early stages of low-grade Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer.
  • In High-grade Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer, further intravesical treatments with BCG or chemotherapy are recommended.
  • Patients with Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancers are treated with Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy, followed by surgery (removal of the bladder). In patients who would prefer to preserve the bladder or are not fit for surgery, concurrent chemo-radiation may be considered.
  •  For cancers that have spread or have metastatic disease, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy are the preferred option. Patients whose tumor expresses a marker called PDL-1 can be considered for immunotherapy.

Cancer Therapy India is known as the best uro oncology hospital in India having the best uro oncologist in Bangalore with extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of virtually every kind of cancer. Cancer Therapy India is considered best for urinary bladder cancer treatment as we have renowned physicians who are expert in using  the latest technologies and treatments to address unmet patient needs and have vast experience in providing the urinary bladder cancer treatment in India.

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